Lord Of The Flies Pdf By William Golding. Free PDF

Name of Book Lord Of The Flies
Author  William Golding
PDF Size 984 KB
No of Pages 251
Language English

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Lord Of The Flies Pdf Plot

“Lord of the Flies” is a classic novel written by William Golding, published in 1954. It tells the story of a group of British boys who are stranded on an uninhabited island after their plane crashes during a wartime evacuation. The novel explores themes of civilization versus savagery, the inherent darkness of human nature, and the loss of innocence.

The story begins with a group of boys, ranging in age from six to twelve, being evacuated from England during a nuclear war. Their plane crashes on a remote tropical island, leaving them stranded without any adults. The boys, led by Ralph, a charismatic and responsible boy, gather together and elect him as their leader. Ralph, along with Piggy, a chubby and intelligent boy, and Jack, a natural leader with a strong desire for power, form the core leadership group.

Initially, the boys attempt to establish order and create a civilized society on the island. They use a conch shell to call meetings and discuss important matters. They also build shelters, maintain a signal fire to attract passing ships, and establish rules for the group to follow. However, tensions soon arise between Ralph and Jack, as Jack becomes increasingly obsessed with hunting and the thrill of the chase.

As the days pass, the boys become more divided. Jack forms his own group of hunters, who become increasingly savage and bloodthirsty. They paint their faces, perform ritualistic dances, and hunt wild pigs with increasing fervor. Ralph tries to maintain order and reason, but his authority begins to diminish as more boys defect to Jack’s group.

Piggy, Ralph’s closest ally, represents intellect and reason on the island. However, he is often ridiculed and ignored by the other boys because of his physical weaknesses. Despite his best efforts to maintain order, Piggy’s glasses, which are used to start the signal fire, are stolen by Jack’s group, plunging the island into darkness and chaos.

The conflict between Ralph and Jack reaches its climax when Jack’s group steals Piggy’s glasses and kills Simon, a kind-hearted and introspective boy who had discovered the true identity of the “beast” haunting the island – a dead parachutist. In a frenzied state, mistaken for the beast, the boys brutally murder Simon during one of their ritualistic dances.

With the signal fire out and order completely broken down, the boys descend into full-blown savagery. Jack’s group becomes increasingly violent and tyrannical, hunting Ralph and his remaining followers like animals. In a desperate attempt to escape, Ralph and Piggy confront Jack’s group at their camp, demanding the return of Piggy’s glasses.

However, the confrontation turns deadly when Roger, one of Jack’s followers, rolls a boulder down a hill, killing Piggy and shattering the conch shell, symbolizing the complete collapse of civilization on the island. In a final, harrowing chase, Ralph is hunted like prey by Jack and his tribe, until he is finally rescued by a passing naval officer who stumbled upon the island.

As Ralph breaks down in tears, relieved to be rescued from the brutality and savagery of the island, the officer is shocked by the boys’ behavior and questions how they could have allowed such chaos to unfold. The novel ends with the boys being rescued and taken back to civilization, but it leaves readers questioning the true nature of humanity and the thin veneer of civilization that separates us from our primal instincts.

In essence, “Lord of the Flies” is a gripping and thought-provoking exploration of the darkness that resides within all of us, and the fragile nature of civilization in the face of chaos and savagery. Through its vivid characters and haunting narrative, the novel continues to resonate with readers and provoke discussions about human nature, morality, and the pursuit of power.

Lord Of The Flies Pdf Summary

Lord Of The Flies Pdf Free Download

“Lord of the Flies” penned by William Golding, stands as a cornerstone of modern literature, delving into the depths of human nature, morality, and societal constructs. Set against the backdrop of a deserted island, the novel follows a group of British boys marooned after a plane crash, who strive to establish order amidst chaos. However, as their primal instincts surface, the island becomes a microcosm of society’s unraveling, showcasing the fragility of civilization and the darkness lurking within each individual.

The story begins with a group of boys, ranging from young children to adolescents, stranded on an uninhabited island following a plane crash during a wartime evacuation. The protagonist, Ralph, emerges as the leader, elected by the boys due to his charismatic demeanor and the possession of a conch shell, which symbolizes authority and order. Alongside him is Piggy, an intelligent but physically weak boy, who serves as Ralph’s advisor and voice of reason.

Initially, the boys adhere to the semblance of civilization, establishing rules, building shelters, and kindling hopes of rescue. They prioritize maintaining a signal fire on the mountain, believing it to be their best chance of salvation. However, as time passes and rescue seems elusive, cracks begin to appear in their societal structure.

The antagonist, Jack, epitomizes the descent into savagery. Initially, he serves as the leader of the choirboys, who don military uniforms and adopt a militaristic mindset. Jack’s desire for power and dominance clashes with Ralph’s democratic leadership, leading to a schism within the group. With an emphasis on hunting and the allure of primal urges, Jack gradually forms a faction of hunters, luring the boys away from Ralph’s leadership with promises of adventure and freedom.

The symbolic significance of the titular “Lord of the Flies,” a severed pig’s head mounted on a stick, becomes increasingly apparent as the narrative unfolds. It represents the inherent evil within humanity, the darkness that lurks beneath the veneer of civilization. Simon, a sensitive and introspective member of the group, encounters the grotesque visage of the Lord of the Flies in the heart of the jungle. In a hallucinatory conversation, the pig’s head embodies the primal instincts and malevolence that threaten to consume the boys.

Simon’s tragic demise at the hands of the frenzied boys during a ritualistic dance underscores the novel’s exploration of innocence corrupted by savagery. Mistaken for the beast they fear, Simon becomes a victim of their collective hysteria, highlighting the destructive potential of fear and mob mentality.

As tensions escalate between Ralph’s faction and Jack’s hunters, the island descends into chaos and violence. The once pristine landscape becomes a battleground, mirroring the brutality of the outside world. The boys, stripped of societal constraints, succumb to their primal instincts, leading to tragic consequences.

The climax of the novel culminates in a harrowing hunt orchestrated by Jack, as he unleashes his hunters to track down and kill Ralph. The pursuit escalates into a frenetic chase, culminating in a devastating confrontation on the beach. At the brink of despair, Ralph finds himself alone and defenseless, facing the brutal onslaught of Jack’s tribe.

In a moment of unexpected salvation, a naval officer arrives on the island, drawn by the smoke from the boys’ signal fire. The officer’s presence shatters the illusion of the boys’ self-imposed isolation, reminding them of the civilization they left behind. However, the officer’s well-meaning intervention fails to grasp the true extent of the darkness that envelops the island, symbolizing humanity’s inability to confront its own inherent flaws.

As the boys are rescued and transported away from the island, the full weight of their experiences hangs heavy upon them. They depart as changed individuals, forever scarred by their descent into savagery and the loss of innocence. The novel’s haunting conclusion leaves readers with a sobering reflection on the fragility of civilization and the complexities of human nature.

Lord Of The Flies Pdf Conclusion

In conclusion, “Lord of the Flies” stands as a timeless masterpiece that transcends its status as a mere narrative. Through its exploration of human nature, morality, and the thin veneer of civilization, William Golding challenges readers to confront the darkness that resides within us all. As society grapples with its own struggles and conflicts, the lessons of “Lord of the Flies” remain as relevant today as they were upon its initial publication. It serves as a poignant reminder of the delicate balance between order and chaos, and the eternal struggle to preserve our humanity in the face of adversity.

About The Author Of Lord Of The Flies Pdf 

Author Sir William Golding

William Golding, the esteemed author behind the classic novel “Lord of the Flies,” was born on September 19, 1911, in St. Columb Minor, Cornwall, England. He was the son of Alec Golding, a schoolteacher, and Mildred Golding, a suffragette. Growing up, Golding showed an early interest in literature and began writing at a young age.

After completing his education at Marlborough Grammar School, Golding went on to study English literature at Brasenose College, Oxford. He joined the Royal Navy and served as a lieutenant, participating in various campaigns in the Atlantic and Pacific theaters.

Golding’s experiences during the war profoundly influenced his worldview and his writing. He witnessed the horrors of human nature and the destructive power of societal breakdown, themes that would later feature prominently in his work. After the war, Golding returned to Oxford to complete his studies, earning his degree in 1945.

Following graduation, Golding worked as a teacher at Bishop Wordsworth’s School in Salisbury, where he taught English and philosophy. It was during this time that he began to develop the ideas that would shape his first and most famous novel, “Lord of the Flies.”

Published in 1954, “Lord of the Flies” tells the story of a group of British schoolboys stranded on a deserted island who descend into savagery and chaos. The novel explores themes of human nature, morality, and the inherent darkness that lurks within us all. Despite initially receiving mixed reviews, “Lord of the Flies” soon gained widespread acclaim and has since become a staple of high school literature curriculums around the world.

Golding’s success with “Lord of the Flies” allowed him to pursue writing full-time. Over the course of his career, he published a total of 12 novels, as well as numerous essays, plays, and short stories. His other notable works include “The Inheritors” (1955), “Pincher Martin” (1956), and “The Spire” (1964).

Throughout his writing, Golding continued to explore themes of civilization versus savagery, the fragility of societal norms, and the capacity for evil within the human psyche. His prose was marked by its clarity, precision, and deep philosophical insight, earning him a reputation as one of the foremost literary figures of the 20th century.

In 1983, William Golding was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature for his “parables of the human condition.” The Nobel Committee praised his ability to “illuminate the human condition in the world of today” and his “deeply rooted belief in the ethical responsibility of the artist.”

Despite his literary success, Golding remained a humble and private individual. He shied away from the spotlight and rarely gave interviews, preferring to let his work speak for itself. He lived a quiet life with his wife, Ann Brookfield, whom he married in 1939, and their two children, David and Judith.

William Golding passed away on June 19, 1993, at the age of 81, leaving behind a rich literary legacy that continues to resonate with readers to this day. His exploration of the darkness within the human soul serves as a timeless reminder of the fragility of civilization and the importance of confronting our own inner demons. Through his work, Golding challenged readers to confront the complexities of human nature and to strive for a deeper understanding of ourselves and the world around us.

 

 

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